Sunday, March 24, 2013


                   The EMC or Educational Media Center serves as a vital instrument as well as abasis requirement for quality education by enriching all parts of the school's educational process.
EMC services;
1. Orientation
2. Selection of print and non-print materials
3. Organization of print and non-print materials
4. Curriculum of print and non-print materials
5. Reference
6. Bibliographic Service
7. Media Instruction Program
8. Class Supervised Research
9. Grade Level newspaper
10. Mags-on-wheels
11. Photocopying service
12. Video and Sound Production
13. Multi-media services


                 EMC is a facility designed for the housing and utilization of all educational media within the school. It renders a quality service for a school. It is a unit in the school that help the school fulfill its mission and realize its vision by living up to the schoo's philosophy and aims.
                For a classroom facilities, it should be designed and provided with essential facilities for effective use of educational media,classroom must equipped for full light conmtrol, electrical outlets, appropriate ventillation and media operation space, classrooms should be equipped with a bulletin board, chalkboard, projection screen, map rails for instructional using media.
               Foe a media program, there must be a clear-cut administration policies in the media program, there must be an adequate source/system of funding, there must be appropriate hiring of media center supervisions, creating and technical personnel,consultants and clerical staff.
               An EMC is a facility of the school system tasked to acquire, maintain, care and promote the full effective use of educational media. It bridges both old and new technologies meant to make learning more effecient and effective. It facilitates and ensures the optimum user of all instructional media. It organizes learning activities for students and teachers alike for them to upgrade and improve on their technology manipulative skills all for the purpose of motivating them to keep on developing their communication, analytical, integrative, creative and collaborative skills for meaningful lifelong learning.

Saturday, March 23, 2013


                 It says that some students memorize very much for the test fit their style of test preparation to the kind of test and study only for passing score and a passing grade.
                 Authentic assessment is most appropriate for the constructivist classroom. Authentic assessment measures collective abilities, written and oral expression skills, analytical skills, manipulative skills like computer skills integration, creativity and ability to work collaboratively.


               Students learned based on the teaching methods that teachers had/have presented nor taught. Students study and learn based on the way they are tested. Assessment should had to influence how and what they learn. They learnes from and with technology in atechnology-supported classroom. Technology serves as a source of information where the students learn from in the same way that the teacher are a source of information.
              In a constructivist classroom, learning transcends memorization of facts. These facts should be put together, form concepts and make meaning out of them. Facts and Concepts interconnect each other to daily life.
             Nowadays,people need to be computer literate and fluent or else we get lost or become helpless.
             By using transparencies and OHP to demonstate the assigned topic/title or by the use of a powerpoint presentation. therefore, learning is active, constructive, intentional, authentic, realistic, reliable, concise and cooperative process. To assess students manipulative skill, conduct a direct assessment with the help of a SCORING RUBRIC.


                     This is more on strategy and planning. Before the project starts,create project description and milestones. Put in a nutshell what project is all about.


                   In planning, goals and objectives are always the starting points. Begin by clarifying goals and objectives. From the list of objectives and content found in the K to 12 Curriculum Guide, select which ones will lead themselves to a project-based multimedia learning strategy. Be realistic in the amount of time we have to spend. Students should cooperate in such experiences or even conduct a research to collect information and gather ideas.
                  Field trips,teacher-guided lessons, student research, interviews, observation and questioning are all activities must be dond and observed. Such research involved compelling photographs, quotes, sounds and other media they need to encounter. Allow time for students to present and show off  their hard work. They will be proud of what they have done and they want to share it with others. This will make them a memorable project and make them even more special. Have a school event such as Parents' Night or end-of the quarter activity. Organize an exhibition day or a multimedia project for the semester. Take time to review the ups and down of the project with students and anyone else who participated. Have suggestions for improvement.
                  If a picture is worth a thousand words, follow the steps in a multimedia project lesson plan. Involved these are: Planning, Researching, Organizing, Developing, Communicating and Evaluating. In making a lesson plan or in a lesson planning that teachers do is basically the same with the steps in implementing a multimedia project. 


                 We need to make use of a combination of learning resources or media to make our teaching as concrete as we can so abstractions will be clear and meaningful. This is a method of learning that utilizes multimedia,project-based learning.
                 A class that effectively employs project-based multimedia learning is highly animated and actively engaged.


               Project-based learning and Multimedia adresses the basic knowledge and skills all students are expected to acquire as laid down in the content and performance standards and competencies of the K to 12 basic education curriculum. Every student is absorbed in a task in line with the goals and objectives made clear at the start. Time has wings.Time flies so fast that students don't feel its passing. Teachers does not just stay in front of the class learning. She monitors students as they work. Students consult her for guidance and comments. She does not impose her will on students. She allows students to make decisionsfor themselves. The intellectual powers of the students are very much challenged as they read, research for basic information and as they analyze and organize these bits of information. Much of their technical skills learned from their computer courses and creativity and imagination are demanded when the students produce multimedia presentation by using multimedia produced by others.
              Project-based multimedia learning is a value added in teaching. It is a powerful motivator. Find time to orient the students on what are expected of them, guidelines, goals and objectives of the project and more. These are some limitations in the use of project-based multimedia. One limitation is the need for an extended period of time. Another limitation is the basic computer courses did not teach them the skills demanded by such strategy, there will be a problem. To resort such problem, find time to learn devotely technology. Third limitation is the tendency to lose track of the goals and objectives of the lesson because the technology aspect has gotten the timelight. It does not only involve use of multimedia for learning. Students end up with a multimedia product to show what they learned. The students work collaboratively over an extended time frame.As they work, they employ life skills including decision making. Their learning task ends up with a multimedia presentation through their multimedia product. Be familiar with the computer. Firstly, familiarize its' basic parts, learn how to use it, and learn how to apply it. Be literate, be exposed and be confident in dealing with others. Share knowledge and skills in computer to the illeterate and novice.

Saturday, February 23, 2013


                          The chalkboard is the old way of teaching the students during 1980s and early 90's.
Reality to a remote areas have no computer,radio,tv but what they have is only tje chalkboard. Teachers wrote clearly & legibly on the board. Other teachers have a hard copy of a chalkboard diagram or outline. Don't crowd notes on the board, overcrowding board work, students may fail to see the ideas. Make use of colored chalk to highlight key points. Do not turn your back to the class while writing on the chalkboard. For the sake of order and clarity, start to write from the left side of the board going right. In teaching grade pupils and if you think the lines on the chalkboard are needed for writing exercise, then provide the lines for your board. Look at board work from all corners of the room to test if pupils from all sides of the room can read your board work. A curtain in a window is used if there is glare on the chalkboard. Write "Please Save" if you need to have a board work in advance or that need to be saved for tommorow's use. Cover it with a curtain.


There are other kinds of projectors like opaque projector and slide projector. OHP are available in schools. It has a lot of advantages. It is simple to operate. It is used in the front of the room by the instructor,who has complete control of the sequence,timing,and manipulation of his material.


              Several school especially in the remote places esp.those who have not reached by electricity, do not have a computer. A few schools may be bountifully blessed with computers and computer-literate teachers. But most pr several schools are not as blessed. There may be at least one computer but teachers may have not been trained to use it. As a result, they resort to the chalkboard which is the most available classroom equipment and the OHP become quitwe popular in schools.
               Of all instructional equipment,the chalkboard is most available. The OHP is another versatile equipment that is most popular today. We need to learn how to use it properly so we can able to realize our instructional objectives. OHP proven to be effective by practitioners. We can save much time when we present our lecture on transparencies instead of writing/drawing naively on the chalkboard. By the use of a photocopier and hard copy, it is easy to prepare notes on transparencies. It is sometimes more accurate than the LCD.
               Having lectures in a certain seminars or orientation is more effective and realistic if the lecturer present it with visuals so that listener or audience will not get dismayed. It finds out boring,dull and sleepy.
                 Teachers of 80's were pitiuful,were not blessed,unfair compared to teachers on contemporary times. Old teachers don't have a computer skill,nor they are bound to be called "zero" computer skills. They only used books,notebooks,paper,ballpen/pencil as their teaching-learning tools. Unlike today,teachers wre so much blessed and bountiful. They were already a computer literate. Students today are more skillful  and accepted computers as everyday tool eapecially in daily assignments pertaining to schools compliances and requirements. Reporting or having a demonstration  can now be easily done by means of using an Overhead Projector device.Today,all things in ralation to teaching-learning process is quite easy,simple,manageable and comfty.


                     From a real-world experience, we proceed to a world of symbols. In this chapter, a real things or objects cannot be seen, what we can only seen here is only symbols. Visual Symbols include drawings,cartoons,strip drawings,diagrams,formulas,charts,graphs,maps,globes.
                   Graph is easier to understand than the words of a paragraph. A drawing may not be the real thing but better to have a concrete visual aid than nothing. See to it that the drawing correctly represents the real thing.
                      Another useful visual symbol that can bring novelty to our teaching is the cartoon. A first-rate cartoon tells its story metaphorically. The perfect cartoon needs no caption. The less the artist depends on words, the more effective the symbolism. The symbolism conveys the message.
                       Strip drawings are commonly called comics or comic strip. These can serve as motivation and starter of the lesson. It can also be given as an activity for students to express insights gained at the conclusion of a lesson. We can obtain strip drawings from newspapers,magazines and books.
                       Diagrams is any line drawing that shows arrangement and relations as of parts to the whole,relative values,origins and development,chronological fluctuations,distribution.


                          A graph is "worth a thousand words". A graph and any visual symbols such as drawings,cartoons,strip drawings,diagrams and maps are worth a thousand words. They are more clearly understood than mere words. Pictures,slides,handouts,videos,mock ups,models,computer projections are visuals.
                         Like a picture, a graph and all other visual symbols, are worth a thousand words. The proper use of visual symbols will contribute to optimum learning. Be skilled in making visual symbol, It may be in a drawing form,cartoons,strip drawing (comic strip),diagram,map,chart,graph. Be resourceful and creative in the collection,preparation and use of the various visual symbols. Used it in different ways and in different phases of the lesson depending on your purpose. Using only one visual symbol for every lesson will keep learners active,attentive,and cooperative and keep teaching crispy & fresh. Only that this requires more preparation & more learning on our side/ part. Learn how to draw,sketch,make diagrams,graphs and charts. Teachers must be vulnerable in any aspects. Teachers must be creative,innovative,intelligent,stylish,enthusiastic and very loving to students They must be a skilled resourceful individual. Patience and Perseverance are the ultimate qualities of a good teacher. Teachers indeed are vulnerable in any ways.



                      Educational tools like visual media,film,video and television were considered as high potential impact. They are now more accessible and less cumbersome to use.
                      The VCR (Video Casette Recorder) gave us flexibility. We could watch the 1st twenty mins., stop the tape and discuss elements for introduction,mood,suspense and characterization-and view it again.
                      Dale says the film,video and tv transmit a wide range of audio-visual materials, stiil pictures, films,objects, specimens and drama,bring models of excellence to the viewers, bring the world of reality to the home and to the classroom through a "live" broadcast or as mediated through film or videotape, Make us see and hear for ourselves world events as they happen, make some programs understandable and appealing to a wide variety of age and educational levels, become a great equalizer of educational opportunity beacause programs can be presented over national and regional networks, provide us with sounds and sights not easily available even to the viewer of a real event through long shots, close ups, zoom shots, magnification & split screen made possible by the tv camera, can give opportunity to teachers to view themselves while they teach for purposes of self-improvement, can be both instructive and enjoyable-with sight and sounds and motion, tv is much more enjoyable.


                      The film, video and tv are powerful instructional tools. Teaching-Learning process become more concrete,lively,colorful & interactive if they are used appropriately and moderately. It adds to a more lasting learning because of its visual, audio and motion effects. These effects make learning fun and enjoyable. Moreover, misuse and abuse of these tools in the classroom and even at home has a negative effect or leads to a damaging effects in the development of learner or childrens' imaginative and thinking powers and sensitivity to human life. The most known weakness of the tv is the effect of tv violence on peoples' aggressive behavior. The effect of tv depends on how it is used. It can give a more accurate, more lively & more colorful presentation of a difficult topic in physics for example the one who teaches the topic is inexperienced & can only make use of still pictures in black and white as visual aid. There are educational benefits of the use of the tv but when used excessively, it can impair & destruct the development of children's ability to visualize, to be creative and imaginative. Never expose children on TV violence. The violence effect on media results to a bigger aggression than the effect of exposure to lead on IQ ability in children, the effect of calcium intake on bone mass, or the effect of homework on academic achievement, or the effect of asbestos ( cancer) exposure on cancer. Cause of high rate of violence is the high exposure to media violence.
                          Use the TV appropriately & moderately. Accompany your children in watching TV so that you can expalin clearly nor correct them when there is something negative shown on screen. Try to explain to them the advantage and disadvantage on tv and advice them what is necessarily right and avoid or evade doing the bad show; never imitate the bad ones on tv. Try to give advises to your children not to stick or glued on tv; to mind them also their assignments in school or even household chores. Never leave children esp. the most young ones alone on tv, it needs parental guidance.